10,000 BC Nomadic
tribes reach the area. The ice age is ending. Land area is nearly
twice its current size due to a lower sea level caused by much
of the ocean's waters still frozen in polar ice caps.
- 3000 BC Temperature
rises and climate changes until it reaches a state currently
begin settling in the area along coasts and riverbanks.
of changes from hunter-gather groups to societies based on cultivation.
BC - 1500 AD Numerous
Native American groups establish themselves and inhabit the region.
Among these include the Apalachee in the northern panhandle,
the Timucuan in the central and northeast area, the Tocobaga
on the west coast, and the Calusa in southern areas. Over 100,000
Native Indians live in the region by 1500.
Spanish conquistador Ponce de Leon set foot near what is now St.
Augustine. He claims the territory for Spain which he names "La
- 1560 Several
Spanish explorations fail to yield expected gold and silver.
settlers build Fort Caroline near St. Johns River.
sends an armada to build a settlement called St. Augustine and
drive out the French. This fort became the first permanent European
settlement in the New World that still exists today.
- 1700 The
Spanish colonize much of the state.
migrate from Georgia and Alabama south into the area where later they and
all local Indians collectively become known as the Seminoles
- the "Unconquered / Free People".
cedes Florida to England in exchange for Havana, Cuba as part of
a bargain in the settlement of the Seven Years' War. The east and
west territories of Florida become the 14th and 15th British colonies
in the Americas.
regains control from England as part of a peace treaty
that ended the American Revolution.
United States acquires Florida from Spain as part of a deal to
cancel $5 million in debts owed by the Spanish and it becomes becomes
a territory of the United States.
founded town of Tallahassee is declared the capital of the
territory. Tallahassee was chosen because it was halfway
between existing governmental centers of Pensacola and St. Augustine.
second Seminole War is waged.
railroads begin to operate.
3, 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the
United States of America.
third Seminole War. Only a few hundred Seminoles survive by hiding
in the Everglades.
secedes from the Union to join the Confederacy in the US Civil
scale commercial agriculture, cattle-raising and industries such
as cigar manufacturing take root. Population reaches
an estimated 270,000.
railroad-building era. Transportation for goods and people including
land boom and rapid population expansion. Population reaches one
1930s The state
becomes America's largest citrus producer.
million people live here. An estimated three million tourists
visit as large-scale tourism begins.
Truman opens Everglades National Park.
20, 1969 Spacecraft
Apollo 11, launched from Kennedy Space Center, lands
on the moon.
Disney World opens near Orlando to become the area's first major
April 12, 1981 First Space Shuttle, Columbia, lauched into space from Kennedy Space Center.
2012 89 million people visit Florida - nearly 5 times its resident population!